Tag Archives: king

Norwegian Royal Family

King Harald V, Queen Sonja, Crown Prince Haakon Magnus, Crown Princess Mette-Marit

The Royal House of Norway belongs to the House of Glücksburg. The members of the Norwegian Royal House are Their Majesties King Harald and Queen Sonja and Their Royal Highnesses Crown Prince Haakon, Crown Princess Mette-Marit and Princess Ingrid Alexandra.

History of the monarchy

Harald I was the son of one of Norway’s regional rulers, descended from Sweden’s Yngling royal family. He defeated the other rulers to unite the country and become its first king. The Hereditary Kingdom of Norway, established by at least three separate genealogical lines of monarchs each allegedly descending from Harald I the Fairhair, was the only realm of medieval Scandinavia which was officially hereditary, not elective.

After the death of Haakon V of Norway, the crown passed to his grandson Magnus IV of Sweden. In 1397, Denmark, Norway, and Sweden formed the Kalmar Union under Queen Margaret I of Denmark who was married to Haakon VI of Norway and Sweden. She unofficially ruled all three countries until her death.

Sweden seceded from the Kalmar Union ultimately in 1523. In 1469, the Norwegian king pledged Orkney and Shetland to the crown of Scotland as mortgage for a dowry debt. In 1814, Denmark ceded Norway (but not its dependencies Iceland, Greenland and the Faroese) to Sweden; in 1905, Norway became independent. Its new government offered the crown to Prince Carl, second son of Frederick VIII of Denmark. After being approved in a popular vote, Carl was crowned Haakon VII of Norway.

Norway is a constitutional monarchy.

Crown Prince Haakon and Crown Princess Mette-Marit

The Royal wedding – August 25th 2001

Danish Royal Family

Crown Princess Mary, Crown Prince Frederik, Queen Margrethe II, Prince Consort Henrik, Prince Joachim, Princess Marie

 

Having existed for more than 1000 years, the Danish Monarchy is one of the oldest in the world. The two large houses of the Danish Monarchy are the House of Oldenborg and the House of Glücksborg. In 1863, the House of Glücksborg succeeded the House of Oldenborg. The present Royal Family are the direct descendants of the House of Glücksborg.

The Danish Royal House may be traced back to Gorm the Old and his son Harald I Bluetooth. The latter can be dated and located with certainty as he united Denmark. The two great lines of the Danish Royal House are the House of Oldenborg and the House of Glücksborg. The first representative of the House of Oldenborg became King in 1448, and the last King of the House of Oldenborg was King Frederik VII, as he had no heir to the throne. In 1863, the first representative of the House of Glücksborg became King, and the present Royal Family are direct descendants of this Royal House.

 

Crown Princess Mary and Crown Prince Frederik with their children

Dutch Royal Family

Queen Beatrix

Queen Beatrix and Prince Claus

Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange
Prince Friso
Prince Constantijn

Crown Prince Wilhelm Alexander and his wife Maxima at their wedding in 2001

Netherlands-Crown Prince Wilhelm Alexander with his wife Maxima

Netherlands-Crown Prince Wilhelm Alexander with his wife Maxima with their children

Swedish Royal Family

Prince Carl Philip, Crown Princess Victoria, Queen Silvia, King Carl XVI Gustaf, Princess Madeleine

The Swedish Royal Family consists of King Carl XVI Gustaf, born 1946, Queen Silvia, born 1943, Crown Princess Victoria, born 1977, Prince Daniel, born 1973, Prince Carl Philip, born 1979, and Princess Madeleine, born 1982.

A Swedish royal family has been able to be identified as existent from as early as the 10th century A.D., but with more precise detail only being able to be added during the two or three centuries that followed. Historically confirmed monarchs are listed officially by the Swedish Royal Court. Until the 1620s Swedish provinces were granted as territorial appanages to royal princes which, as dukes thereof, they governed semi-autonomously. Since then, these provincial dukedoms exist in the royal family only nominally, albeit each prince and princess traditionally maintains a special public connection to, and sometimes a secondary residence in, “his or her duchy”. The sons of Swedish kings have held the princely title as a rank of nobility (e.g. Fredrik Vilhelm, Furste av Hessenstein), or as a courtesy title for an ex-dynast (e.g. Prins Oscar Bernadotte) or, most often, as a royal dynast (e.g. HRH Prince Bertil of Sweden, Duke of Halland).
Prince Carl Philip, Princess Madeleine, Crown Princess Victoria, Queen Silvia, King Carl XVI Gustaf
Princess Madeleine, King Carl XVI Gustaf, Queen Silvia, Prince Carl Philip, Crown Princess Victoria
Crown Princess Victoria, Queen Silvia, King Carl XVI Gustaf
Crown Princess Victoria, Prince Carl Philip, Princess Madeleine