Iceland´s capital of Reykjavik is t he world’s northernmost capital and Europe´s westernmost capital. The population is growing quite rapidly since people are increasingly moving to the capital area from the countryside. Almost 2/3 of Iceland´s total population of 300.000 people lives in the south-west part of Iceland, mostly in or around Reykjavik.
The city is quite spread and covers an area of more than 240 km² and is constantly spreading out so you´ll see building cranes everywhere in the outskirts.
Gullfoss (English: Golden Falls) is a waterfall located in the canyon of Hvítá river in southwest Iceland.
Gullfoss is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the country. The wide Hvítá rushes southward. About a kilometer above the falls it turns sharply to the left and flows down into a wide curved three-step “staircase” and then abruptly plunges in two stages (11 m and 21 m) into a crevice 32 m (105 ft) deep. The crevice, about 20 m (60 ft) wide, and 2.5 km in length, is at right angles to the flow of the river. The average amount of water running over this waterfall is 140 m³/s in the summertime and 80 m³/s in the wintertime. The highest flood measured was 2000 m³/s.
Akureyri is a city in northern Iceland. Nicknamed “the Capital of North Iceland,” Akureyri is an important port and fisheries centre. It is Iceland’s second largest urban area (after the Greater Reykjavík area) and fourth largest municipality (after Reykjavík, Hafnarfjörður, and Kópavogur).
The area where Akureyri is located was settled in the 9th century but did not receive a municipal charter until 1786. The city was the site of Allied units during World War II. Further growth occurred after the war as the Icelandic population increasingly moved to urban areas.